Since the motherboard connects all the components of the computer together, you can understand why this can take some time, especially if you have a lot of casefans and other things connected to the computer. You even have to pull the buttons and indicator lights on the cabinet. Below is information on how to remove the motherboard.
Before you do anything, make sure you wear an anti-static wristband. If you can’t get it right away, which is likely due to the pandemic, it’s best to keep your cool. You can do this by touching the computer case to discharge static electricity. You have to do it every minute to be safe.
The reason you need to be grounded is that even a small electrical shock can instantly destroy your motherboard, video card and many other exposed components in your computer. Also, make sure the power is off before you do anything. Turn off the computer by pressing the power button on the back of the computer and disconnecting the cable. Note that not all power supplies have buttons on the back.
Next, you need to connect all the cables at the back of the computer. The computer should be placed horizontally on a flat surface, preferably a desk. Do not place it on the carpet or similar surfaces as this may cause static electricity to build up.
Once your computer is in place and you’ve made sure it’s grounded, it’s time to open the case by removing the left side panel. Most standard cases have a number of screws on the back which, as the name suggests, can be easily unscrewed with your fingers. If they are too tight, you can remove them with a Phillips screwdriver.
Now that the computer is open, you can remove the dust if you like. This makes removing the motherboard much easier and cleaner. With a spray can of compressed air, the work is quick and easy. When you have finished cleaning, you can remove the unit.
Removal of other equipment
Unfortunately, before you can remove the motherboard, you have to remove most of the other components. It will take some time, but no need to rush. The first thing to clean is the graphics card. It’s probably the biggest part of the computer that’s connected, but it’s actually very easy to remove.
You must first connect the power cables leading to the graphics card. If you have a low-end graphics card that doesn’t consume much power, you don’t need to disconnect any cables. Then simply loosen the screws on the left side, which are located on the input/output side of the graphics card. Simply pull the lever on the PCIe slot to unlock the graphics card. You can feel the card coming out. Then remove it carefully and store it in a safe place.
If there are other components installed in the PCI slots, this is a good time to remove those as well. These include sound card, network card, capture card, adapters, etc. Your computer may not have one, not even a graphics card.
You need to get rid of anything that bothers you. For older computers, this may include components such as the hard drive, CD-ROM drive, and DVD-ROM drive. You do not need to remove the processor and RAM, but you may need to remove the processor cooler if you are using a very large aftermarket cooler that is bothering you. This means that all AIO liquid coolers must be disconnected.
Now that you’ve removed the large pieces, it’s time to disconnect all the internal cables. The cables that need to be disconnected vary by configuration, but some things are universal. You need to disconnect the main power connector, this is the largest and widest wire on the right side of the motherboard.
You also need to unplug the music center power cables. These can be 4 or 8 pin connectors connected to the left side of your CPU. For this reason, the cooler may have had to be removed from the CPU if it was too bulky and unwieldy. There are also 3 and 4 pin fans that you need to disconnect and remove the cables from.
The next step is to disconnect all the SATA cables on the bottom right and the cables from the enclosure. SATA cables are usually color coded and look very different from all other cables. The cables in the case, on the other hand, are small and there are a lot of them. This makes it easier to take a picture than to troubleshoot later, when you reconnect the cables and the computer does not start up when you press the power button.
You may also need to remove the connecting cables from the USB ports on the bottom of the table. Once you’ve disconnected all the cables, take a moment to check that you haven’t overlooked anything before proceeding to the next step.
Removing the mainboard
That’s all I’m saying. Last strip. It’s time to take your small Phillips screwdriver and start unscrewing the screws. Again, the number and position of all the screws that hold the motherboard in place vary considerably. It depends a lot on the man. The most common standards are ATX, micro-ATX, Mini-ITX and Extended ATX (EATX).
A better idea would be to look in your motherboard’s user manual to see where all the screws are. Now unscrew all the screws holding the motherboard in place. Proceed slowly and carefully, as you could destroy your motherboard if your screwdriver hits it hard enough.
You can leave the CPU heatsink in place to prevent the motherboard from shifting if you haven’t removed it. If not, try holding it by the sides or even by the chipset’s heat sink. Do not touch the capacitors or other parts of the motherboard.
Once all screws are removed, gently lift the motherboard by grasping the CPU cooler or chipset heatsink and the sides of the motherboard. Pay close attention to the input/output shield, as it can hold the motherboard in place. You should gently slide the motherboard to the right until the I/O shield comes off. Now lay the mainboard on a flat surface where it cannot be damaged (tip: you can use mainboard carton or another piece of cardboard for this).
That’s all I’m saying. The motherboard is out, which means you’re finally done. You can now install the new mainboard in the case. If you want to remove the RAM and CPU from the motherboard, you can easily do so. If you want to keep your old motherboard, we recommend you put it in an anti-static bag first and store it in a sturdy cardboard box.
In general, removing the motherboard is a fairly simple and time-consuming process, as all parts of the computer are connected to it, including the power cables. If you don’t have a video card or a large aftermarket CPU cooler, it’s much easier to remove the motherboard.
Always go very slowly and take your time when doing anything on the computer. Make sure you are grounded by using an antistatic wrist strap or by touching the metal parts of the computer case.
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