Types of Linux operating systems and their strengths – A Linux operating system is a type of program designed to manage a computer’s hardware resources and serve as a place where common services are provided to software applications.
Types of Linux operating systems and their strengths
An operating system is a type of software in a computer system. Without an operating system, users cannot run application programs on the computer except for the startup application. The operating system also has a systematic planning that consists of the use of memory, data processing, data storage and other resources.
In this case, the operating system acts as an intermediary between software and hardware, and vice versa. Although the application code operates normally, it is executed directly by the hardware and communicates with the operating system when the connection is lost.
There have been different types of operating systems in use. Since each type of operating system has advantages and disadvantages, the user can choose the operating system that best suits his or her needs.
What is Linux?
Linux is a UNIX-based operating system that exemplifies the results of freeware and open source development. The average user of the Linux operating system is both a programmer to create a program and a developer to develop simpler applications.
In this article, Koneksia.com will discuss the different types of Linux operating systems and their strengths and weaknesses so that you can learn more about the Linux operating system, among other things:
Benefits of the Linux 2021 operating system
Linux is even available for free, without having to pay for the license and users, and the Linux source code can also be downloaded. Moreover, if you want to see this operating system, you can, because Linux is free and open source software, in other words, Linux can be developed by anyone.
When installing Linux, any hardware can be immediately detected and integrated into applications that support the Linux operating system.
This means that the application can be used immediately after installation. This way you don’t have to install additional drivers like VGA, motherboard, chipset and sound card.
Linux is also available with a fairly extensive collection of software, and this software is generally required for desktops, laptops and PC servers.
If missing software is discovered during installation, the user can easily add software through the included repository.
However, some software under Linux requires the installation of some Windows applications, such as B. Crossover and Vin.
Linux has proven to be reliable and stable. For this reason, many servers use Linux rather than other operating systems. Even after the system configuration is complete, the user does not need to reboot (hot boot).
Among the many types of operating systems (OS), Linux is the operating system that is the most safe from viruses, because, apart from the fact that the number of viruses in this operating system is very minimal, the Linux operating system performs very strict security management, so the virus usually can not run / work on the Linux operating system, so users can immediately remove the virus easily with the Remove button.
Linux also has the ability to fix bugs or defects very quickly. Indeed, Linux is developed by the Linux community and they can make suggestions and improvements to bugs or defects through the documentation.
There are many different types of Linux, each with its own characteristics and advantages. Make sure you choose the right type of Linux for you.
No Linux operating system
Linux is not supported by hardware manufacturers for controllers (drivers). For this, Linux developers need to create this driver management system.
Linux is also not supported by some game publishers. So, if you are playing under Linux, the game will not display in full screen.
Linux still has software that can only run on other operating systems, and there is no replacement for open source software in Linux.
There are several types of Linux operating systems, including Debian Linux (the operating system for servers), Redhat Linux (easy installation for beginners), SuSe Linux (Linux operating system that supports Indonesian languages). For more information, see the different types of Linux operating systems below:
Different types of Linux operating systems
1. Red Hat Linux
Different types of Linux operating systems
If you are looking for different types of Linux operating systems, the installation process is very simple. Then your answer is Redhat Linux.
The RedHat Linux operating system is one of the relatively old GNU/Linux operating systems and offers convenience, a full graphical display upon installation and user-friendly operation.
The latest version of RedHat is the RedHat Linux 9.0 distribution, a stable version that restores and improves system management with the latest desktop managers such as KDE 3.1 and GNOME 2.2 and the latest applications such as GIMP graphics 1.2.3, OpenOffice, KOffice, graphics, multimedia application player, etc.
2. Debian Linux
Debian is a type of the various Linux operating systems that have been around for a very long time, since 1999, and are regularly upgraded every year to version 8.
If you are looking for an operating system suitable for a server or administrator workstations. Then the answer is Debian Linux operating system, because this operating system is really suitable as a server or administrative computer.
This type of Linux operating system is not suitable for personal use, as its function is more suited to use by servers and computer system administrators.
3. Ubuntu Linux
Ubuntu is a type of Linux operating system developed primarily based on Debian. The difference is that this Ubuntu operating system can be used not only on server and management computers, but also on personal or stand-alone computers. The Ubuntu project itself is funded by Canonical Ltd (a company owned by Mark Shuttleworth).
Since then, Canonical has released a new version of Ubuntu every 6 months. Each version is maintained for 18 months for system updates, security and bugs. Every 2 years (version xx.04 with an even number x) there is Long Term Support (LTS), 3 years for the desktop version and 5 years for the server version.
The latest version is also conventionally designed for use on smartphones. Therefore, this type of Linux operating system is the most widely used of the various types of Linux operating systems. The 31st. In October 2011, Mark Shuttleworth announced that Ubuntu 14.04 would support smartphones, tablets and smart TVs.
4. Linux Mint
If Ubuntu was a development of Debian, then Linux Mint is probably the grandson of Debian because it was developed from Ubuntu. The Linux Mint operating system is developed for personal or private use (PC) and is divided into 2 versions, namely CINNAMON and MATE.
CINNAMON is a Linux Mint operating system that is more modern than Linux MATE, but less stable than Linux MATE. In addition, Linux CINNAMON does not support graphics cards on some computers or laptops.
5. Fedora Linux
Fedora (formerly Fedora Core, sometimes called Fedora Linux) is an RPM-based Linux distribution developed by the Fedora Project, a community of programmers sponsored by Red Hat. The latest version is Fedora 24.
Fedora 24 has many advantages, both in terms of platforms and applications, such as B. the seedless version of PulseAudio, security systems, Sectool for auditing and intrusion detection, the PackageKit framework.
However, Fedora has a number of drawbacks, including the fact that updates are not as regular as Ubuntu due to its nature and development process.
6. SuSE Linux
The SuSE Linux operating system is the most interesting and is used in most European countries. Despite the fact that some Europeans use it extensively.
The arrival of a fresher design and ease of management make it more valuable to this Linux operating system.
The SuSE Linux operating system can also use Indonesian as one of the languages used in the operating system of the computer in that language. Of course, if you choose Indonesian, the computer will be easier to use.
7. CentOS Linux
CentOS is an enterprise system based on the Linux framework. The CentOS operating system was launched in 2004 and is one of the most important and popular operating systems among Linux users. The CentOS operating system is not intended for beginners, but can be used and developed for free.
But CentOS is intended for server users who are more familiar with and can handle Linux, and for users who can program computers and know the systems and applications that work.
8. Slackware Linux
Slackware is the oldest Linux operating system, developed by Patrick Volkerding. Slackware was originally a personal project, and not entirely serious, Patrick called the project a SubGenius church wanderer, a situation where someone needs a minimum of energy to live.
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So, my friends, it was the types of Linux operating systems and their strengths, What is your favorite type of Linux operating system? maybe you are interested in switching from Windows to Linux? or do you have a favorite distribution of your choice, which has not been mentioned yet? please leave it in the comments!
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