Choosing the right monitor for your computer is crucial because it is responsible for all the visual sensations you experience. So you need to understand and compare the different types of displays on the market to see which one suits you best. There are three main types of tables available. IPS (intra-plane switching), TN (twisted non-automatic) and VA (vertical alignment) panels.
These three types of displays are designed for a specific audience. Not all screens can work as well as the others. So it becomes important to choose the monitor you need. Think about your needs and your workplace when choosing a monitor for your office. This will help you to look at a number of things in advance and will help you decide which type of presentation is best for you.
To help you find this solution, we have met three types of panels and learned how the technology it supports works. In this article we will give you a brief overview of the different types of tables and their differences, so that the next time you use your computer, you can decide which one is most suitable for your office.
TN (Twisted Nematic) Boards Note
BenQ EL2870U with TN plate
The Nematic or twisted TN panel is perhaps the most common type of LCD panel. The panel’s features make it an ideal choice for gamers and other enthusiasts looking for input and output speeds.
TN panels have the highest refresh rate in the monitor industry. They can have a refresh rate of 144 Hz or more. They are therefore suitable for players and do not contain stuttering images. Several companies such as Nvidia and AMD have certified their monitor graphics cards for technologies such as G-Sync and Freesync, where the number of Hz increases and decreases with the number of frames per second.
TN panels also have the fastest response time – just 1 millisecond – seen on most monitors. This results in a very fast response of the monitor. TN panels never suffer from problems such as blurred lines due to the high response.
But that doesn’t make the TN panels perfect. They are not as bright as other types of monitors and also fall back into the viewing angle. If your monitor contains a standard monitor, it works for you. However, if you want a multi-monitor or widescreen installation, limited viewing angles will hamper your productivity.
The TN panels do not have an exact colour rendering either. Compared to other displays, the colours of the TN panel may appear slightly darker and less bright. Therefore, there are no TN monitors with HDR.
Intra-level switching (IPS) tables Note
ASUS ROG Swift PG279Q with IPS board
IPS or band switched screens are made to solve the problems of TN screens. These panels solve the problems of TN panels, which are characterized by poor color rendering and low viewing angles. IPS panels have a higher contrast ratio with excellent black, high colour accuracy and do not change colour when the viewing angle changes.
This makes the IPS the ideal monitor for people who are passionate about creating jobs, such as image editors and filmmakers. The IPS also has the highest color gamut, resulting in excellent color reproduction. IPS displays show a clear image even when you are not standing directly in front of your computer.
However, IPS screens have the lowest update rate. You will rarely find an IPS display with a refresh rate of 75 Hz. However, they are still under development and companies are also trying to bring high refresh rates to IPS screens. But today they are terribly expensive and not recommended for everyone.
IPS displays also have a high response time of up to 4 milliseconds. This is slow compared to the 1 ms response time we saw on the TN panels. But as with the update frequency, companies are trying to improve the response time of these panels. Several IPS monitors are available with a response time of up to 2 or 1 ms.
VA (Vertical Alignment) Panels Note
BenQ EX3501R with VA plate
VA blades can also be described as a bridge between IPS and TN blades. They are designed to combine the advantages of the IPS and TN panels. They did, albeit with a small compromise.
VA panels offer a balanced image quality between IPS and TN. The color scheme may not be exactly the same as that of the IPS, but it is very similar. The viewing angles are slightly smaller than with IPS, but much better than with TN panels. VA game monitors are also superior in terms of contrast ratio and offer a deep black colour comparable to IPS.
In terms of refresh rate, VA panels offer an average frequency of 60 Hz to 120 Hz or more. The latest games work on this type of panel. Some screens also support Freesync and G-sync today.
The reaction time for the VA panel is probably the highest, up to 5 milliseconds. This means that you can often feel the movement on such screens. However, thanks to the latest developments in display technology, many companies are trying to reduce response times, and are even doing so successfully. But they’re generally at the top of the price range.
IPS c. TN v. VA [Final Disconnection]
Like so many other things in our lives, nothing is perfect. Each type of panel has its advantages and disadvantages. TN panels are well suited for competitive players who need support for high frame rates, low response times, low input delay and high resolution on monitors. However, if you want to play games such as Skyrim or other games such as Flight Simulator, you will need to choose a different type of scoreboard because of its poor viewing angles and poor color rendering.
IPS panels tend to solve problems with better color reproduction and wider viewing angles, but with the disadvantage of the refresh rate and response time. IPS panels can be useful for players who are not playing in a competitive environment, or for those who want to experience many exciting and surrealistic visual experiences.
VA panels form a good balance between the two types of panels mentioned above. They offer a better refresh rate and better contrast than IPS panels with a slightly worse viewing angle, but still better than TN panels. The reaction time is probably the biggest disadvantage of VA panels.
Choosing the right panel for you depends on what you need it for. If you like competitive games, TN panels are the best choice for you. If you are a creative person who owns a work of art, or if you want a real and exciting experience, or if you want the best monitor for color reproduction – IPS is the right choice for you. Finally, those looking for a common balance monitor for light work and leisure should switch to the VA panel.